Mats are used for safety in gymnastics, and in training new skills. They are usually a piece of foam (covered in leather) ranging from 1.5-28 inches thick, covered in a vinyl or plastic lining. The foam ranges in density from relatively firm to very soft. Landing mats are usually blue, but can also be almost any other color. Mats come in a range of sizes, from very small mats used on the beam, to very large mats, used in the foam pits.
in both competition and practice, the use of mats is mandatory. On every event
except floor exercise, pommel horse and vault, gymnasts may use an additional
landing mat, without deduction, which may be adjusted for distance.